Bayou Garden

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From selecting the right plants to proper watering techniques and dealing with pests, host Dan Gill delivers the information you need to garden successfully in Louisiana's unique climate.

LSU AgCenter

Early February is an excellent time to prune repeat flowering roses. And now is the time to get this done if you haven't pruned them already.

Repeat flowering roses are those that bloom heavily in the spring and early summer, then intermittently through the summer, and heavy blooming again in October through early to mid December.

Roses are pruned for a variety of reasons. One of them is to stimulate new growth. Another reason is to control the size of the bush.


LSU AgCenter

Virtually all trees in our landscapes will need to be pruned during their lives, particularly in the first two decades after planting.

Sometimes a tree may be pruned in some way to help it, such as in dealing with storm damage, reducing limb weight, removing dead limbs, and stopping the spread of diseases. More often trees are pruned to adapt them to our urban environments, including keeping limbs from coming into contact with power lines, rubbing against the home, hanging too low, or obstructing views.

Home gardeners can carry out minor pruning, especially to train younger trees before they get large. Ask yourself why you think the tree needs to be pruned.


LSU AgCenter

January and February are excellent months to plant trees in Louisiana.

If you're thinking about adding shade trees, small spring or summer flowering trees, or trees for screening views, head out to local nurseries and purchase and plant trees in the next few weeks.

Arbor Day was last week because this is such a great time to plant trees.

For a medium to large growing evergreen tree is desirable, the Southern Magnolia can be a wonderful choice. It's well-known as a traditional tree in Louisiana and is native to the area.
Remarkably, the Southern Magnolia keeps its foliage year-round.


LSU AgCenter

These days, gardeners mostly purchase vegetable transplants at local nurseries for their spring plantings. Wonderful transplants of vegetables like tomatoes, peppers, squash, and cucumbers.

But you know this limits you to just those cultivars the nursery chooses to carry. And this is really a small choice considering how many cultivars are out there. Look at any seed catalogue and you'll see exactly what I mean.

Raising your own transplants is not overly difficult and it is a fun and rewarding activity for home gardeners.


Allen Owings / LSU AgCenter

It would be nice to think we could take the winter off from worrying about weeds in our landscapes. Unfortunately, there are many weeds that thrive in the mild to cold temperatures of winter, both in our beds and in our lawn.

Don't forget to keep up with weeding this winter. Be proactive. Use mulches.

Mulches are our very best defense against weeds in our beds. Mulches work when the mulch layer is about 2". Mulch works by blocking sunlight from triggering weed seeds to germinate.

LSU AgCenter

Cool days and chilly nights are just the kind of weather lettuce enjoys. Lettuce is a vegetable that is so easy to grow, and delicious, that any gardener should include it in their vegetable garden.

Lettuce is a cool season crop for us in Louisiana. Our planting season extends from September through March, with the harvest ending around May.

January is a great time to plant seeds directly into the garden or into pots.


LSU AgCenter

The pace of things tends to slow down this time of the year in the garden. Although we may continue to plant, prepare beds, harvest winter vegetables, and enjoy cool season flowers, most gardeners tend to find this time of the year a more relaxed time.

Taking a little time now can save a little time and money when moving into high gear this coming spring.


LSU AgCenter

Citrus growers in Louisiana have produced an excellent crop of sweet, delicious fruit this year. The citrus industry in Louisiana is known for growing some of the finest quality fruit in the nation, and it's readily available from local grocery stores, farmer's markets, and roadside vendors.

LSU AgCenter

Christmas trees are an important part of holiday celebrations for many people. Decide beforehand where you're going to display your tree, so you'll have a good idea about the size you'll need, and whether all of the sides will be suitable for viewing. A tree going into a corner, for instance, will only need three good sides.

Look for a tree that is clean, healthy, well-shaped, and has a straight-trunk near the bottom. It should have a strong fragrance, pliable needles, and good color. Be sure to shake the tree; avoid trees that drop a large number of needles when shaken.


LSU AgCenter

If you've ever visited a nursery in the spring on the weekend, you're bound to see a parking lot full of cars, and a nursery full of shoppers.

Spring remains the prime season when gardeners head to the nursery to purchase trees, shrubs, ground covers, and vines. If something is going to be planted in the yard, most of the time, gardeners focus on spring to do it.'

But spring is really not the best time to plant great hearty plants, like trees and shrubs, hearty ground covers, and vines. Now, as we head into the fall season, is really the best time.


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